The Sacred Scripture

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John 19

1 Therefore Pilate then took Jesus and scourged Him.
2 And the soldiers, having braided a crown out·​·of thorns, laid· it ·on His head, and they cast· a crimson garment ·around Him,
3 and said, Hail, King of the Jews! And they gave Him blows·​·with·​·a·​·staff.
4 Then Pilate came out again, and said to them, See, I bring Him out to·​·you, that you may know that I find not·​·any guilt in Him.
5 Then Jesus came out bearing the crown of·​·thorns and the crimson garment; and He1 says to them, Behold, the Man.
6 When therefore the chief·​·priests and attendants saw Him, they cried·​·out, saying, Crucify Him! Crucify Him! Pilate says to them, You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him.
7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and according·​·to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.
8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid,
9 and entered again into the governor’s hall, and says to Jesus, Whence art Thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
10 Then Pilate says to Him, Speakest Thou not to me? Knowest Thou not that I have authority to crucify Thee, and have authority to release Thee?
11 Jesus answered, Thou wouldest have no authority against Me, unless it were given thee from·​·above; on·​·account·​·of this he who delivered Me up to thee has the greater sin.
12 From this time Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried·​·out, saying, If thou release this Man, thou art not Caesar’s friend; everyone who makes himself a king speaks·​·against Caesar.
13 Pilate, then, having heard this word, led Jesus out, and sat·​·down in the tribunal in a place called the Pavement, but in·​·Hebrew, Gabbatha.
14 And it was the Preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour; and he says to the Jews, See, your King!
15 But they cried·​·out, Take· Him ·away! Take· Him ·away! Crucify Him! Pilate says to them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief·​·priest answered, We have no king except Caesar.
16 Then, therefore, he delivered· Him ·up to them to be crucified; and they took Jesus and led· Him ·away.
17 And He, bearing His cross, went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew, Golgotha,
18 where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, on this side and on that side, and Jesus in the midst.
19 And Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross; and the writing was, Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.
20 This title then many of the Jews read, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, in Greek, and in Latin.
21 Then the chief priest of the Jews said to Pilate, Write not, the King of the Jews; but that He said, I am the King of the Jews.
22 Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.
23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part, and the tunic. And the tunic was without seam, worked from the top throughout.
24 They said therefore one to another, Let us not rip it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be; that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which says, They divided My garments among them, and for My vesture did they cast lots.2 Indeed therefore the soldiers did these things.
25 And there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
26 Jesus, then, seeing the mother, and the disciple standing·​·by whom He loved, says to His mother, Woman, behold, thy son!
27 Then He says to the disciple, Behold, thy mother! And from that hour the disciple took her into his·​·own home.
28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were already finished, that the Scripture3 might be perfected, says, I thirst.
29 Then there was set a vessel full of vinegar, and they, having filled· a sponge ·full with vinegar, and having put· it ·around hyssop, brought· it ·to His mouth.
30 When Jesus therefore received the vinegar, He said, It is finished; and reclining the head, He delivered up the Spirit.
31 The Jews, therefore, lest the body should remain on the cross on the Sabbath, since it was the preparation (for that day of the Sabbath was a great day), besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
32 Then the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was crucified with Him.
33 But as they were coming upon Jesus, and they saw He was· already ·dead, they broke not His legs.
34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side, and straightway there came out blood and water.
35 And he who saw testifies, and his testimony is true; he·​·also knows that he says what is true, that you may believe.
36 For these things came·​·to·​·pass, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, A bone of Him shall not be broken·​·apart.4
37 And again another Scripture says, They shall look on5 Him whom they pierced.6
38 And after these things Joseph of Arimathea (being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews) besought Pilate that he might take the body of Jesus, and Pilate permitted him; he came therefore and took the body of Jesus.
39 And there came also Nicodemus, who at·​·first came to Jesus by night, bringing a mingling of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred litras7,8.
40 Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in sheets with the spices, as is the custom with the Jews to bury.
41 And in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new sepulcher, in which no·​·one had yet been put.
42 Therefore, there they laid Jesus down, by reason of the preparation of the Jews, because the sepulcher was near.

1The Lord, not Pilate, said, “Behold the Man,” referring to Himself. This is in distinction to KJV and NKJV; see Doctrine of the Lord 16:7 and Arcana Coelestia 9144:10.

2Psalm 22:18

3Psalm 69:21

4Psalms 34:20

5see into

6Zechariah 12:10, Psalms 22:16-17

7A Roman litra weighed about 12 oz.

8Greek λιτρα